3- Special tribute to contemporary Spanish painting - "We are all Spanish"

Opposite: Disfrutando del paseo  (Enjoy the ride), Josep  TEIXIDO
 
Born in 1956 in Calella in Barcelona, Josep Teixido is a contemporary Spanish painter. Very early interested in painting, he exhibited his works for 20 years in Spain but also throughout France.
The particularity of Josep Teixido's painting are the bright colors and geometric shapes of objects, landscapes and characters.
Indeed, his paintings consist essentially of a range of contrasting colors: green, orange, blue, yellow, white and gray without using black. Josep Teixido is carried away by his emotions, deeply seduced by nature and landscapes. His colorful paintings reveal a certain vitality associated with the primary colors. This pictorial dynamism thus creates a certain synergy between the painting and the spectator, taken by the omnipresent luminosity of the landscapes.
Nature and my surroundings are inexhaustible sources of inspiration. I listen, I observe, I let myself be carried by the music of the waves at Cadaques.He plays with the colors and gradations offering subtle vibrations of light on the snow-capped mountains, through the attitudes of men and women seized in their daily lives.
The other particulariity of his paintings is the geometrical form, composed mainly of vertical and horizontal lines, rectangles, squares of the characters and landscapes. I like to paint with a spatula, creating luminous gradations of every detail of the subject, hoping to tame this fleeting and omnipresent light that the splendid nature offers us every day.
Capturing light and contrasting chromatic colors are the major stakes of Josep Teixido's painting, thus offering a colorful and architectural reality of the environment.
Captivated by this light, the viewer can create his own imagination.
 
 
 
Corinne LUCY

Mohamed Melehi

Moroccan painter

Mohamed Melehi

Moroccan painter

Mohamed Melehi

Moroccan painter

Mohamed Melehi

Moroccan painter

2 - Direction Morocco: Painting - Mohamed MELEHI

Opposite: Night Tree, 2015
 
He was born in Asilah in 1936. After studying at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Tetouan, he traveled extensively in Italy and the United States. He was a professor at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Casablanca (with Belkahia and Chebaâ), co-founder of the cuturel festival of Asilah, active member of the magazine Intégral from 1976 to 1982, longtime director of Arts in the Ministry of Cultural Affairs. From 1985 to 1992, Melehi was appointed Director of Arts at the Ministry of Culture. He is dedicated to the creation of new exhibition spaces in different cities of the Kingdom and to the promotion of Moroccan art and culture throughout the world. In 2001, he was appointed Chief of Staff to the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Mr Benaïssa.
Melehi, while deepening his plastic practice, has intervened in many fields to found a contemporary Moroccan art: "We can paint differently: architecture, cultural activity, graphic design, editing, design, as many fields Intervention! " Public places, high schools, walls ... Art must be integrated into everyday life. The motif of the wave, which this painter has never ceased to resume by developing infinitely variations, dominates his work. Melehi tackled engraving during his apprenticeship at the Beaux-Arts in Paris. He studied the technique in Asilah in 1987 - 88, with the Chilean engraver Oscar Manesi, but very rarely practiced it thereafter. The engraving in colors (a very small number of copies) that can be seen in the Al Manar gallery is the only one recognized by the artist.

News: Mythology in contemporary art

Thot, Egyptian Mythology in the sculpture "The Boms Boys" of Jane Alexander

News: Mythology in contemporary Art

Diane in "Wonder Woman" of Patty Jenkis, 2017

News: Mythology in contemporary art

The reading of the "Iliad" & the "Odyssey" of Homer in "The Last Girl" of Colm McCarthy, 2017

Movie: Wonder Woman - Greco-Roman mythology in comic-book

Opposite: Vase (detail), Diane, Museum of fine Arts, Massachussetts, Boston

Wonder Woman, director: Patty Jenkins - with Gal Gadot, Chris Pine, Robin Wright, Connie Nielsen, 2017
Wonder Woman is Diana the huntress, goddess of the light of day; Of Greco-Roman mythology in contemporary events: BD / Film.
Before she became Wonder Woman, she was still Diana, princess of the Amazons and invincible fighter. This fourth film of DC Comic's film universe features the character of Wonder Woman, created and published in 1941 by screenwriter William Mourlton Marston who decided to give a prominent place to a woman in the comic book whose main characters were mainly camped by male heroes.
The film Wonder Woman allows one to review the roles of the deities of Greco-Roman mythology, to return on the other hand, to the origin of its creation, and finally to revisit on a romantic background the horror of the First world war, incarnated by the god Ares.
Indeed, Diana lives and works at the Louvre Museum in Paris. She received from Bruce Wayne a photograph showing her alongside Steve Trevor and her friends at the front during the First World War. She then recalls her youth on the island of Themiscyra, among the Amazons until the day when an American pilot crashes on the paradise island when he tells him that a terrible war is raging at the other end The planet, Diana leaves her haven of peace, convinced that she must stop the threat. She then leaves the island where she lives, safe from the crash of the world, to confront Ares, god of war. By joining men in a fight to end the war, Diana will discover the fullt extent of her powers ... and her true destiny.
The director, Patty Jenkins, recounts Greco-Roman mythology explaining the role of each of these gods and goddesses such as Zeus, Ares, Antiope, Hippolyte, Diana, and their strange powers, the myth of the Amazons, Island of Themiscyra. Their peculiarities, the stakes, the power struggles and the relations between them are explained on a background of paintings painted in subdued, captivating way.
A twin sister of Apollo, god of music and sunshine after the legend of Artemis, Diana, daughter of Latona (Leo) and Jupiter, came into the world a few moments before her brother. His field is mainly hunting. Its attributes are the golden bow and its animals are part of the middle of the hunt. Witnessing maternal pain, Diana conceived such an aversion to marriage that she asked for and obtained from her father the grace of keeping a perpetual virginity like Minerva and Vesta. It is for this reason that these three goddesses received from the oracle of Apollo the name of White Virgins.
Jupiter armed himself with a bow and arrows, and made her queen of the hunt. He gave her sixty nymphs. With this numerous procession, she engaged in hunting, her occupation. All her nymphs were large and beautiful, but the goddess surpassed them all in size and beauty. She also wore a crescent moon on her head and was often represented in the company of a doe. When Apollo (the Sun) disappears on the horizon, Diana (the Moon) shines in the Heavens and discreetly sheds her light into the mysterious depths of the Night.
And the Amazons?
They governed themselves alone, passing in all things men whom they admitted only to servile and degrading labor. From their union with strangers, they kept only the female children; And they burned the right breast of their daughters to facilitate the exercise of the bow. That is why their name means in Greek "those who have no breast". The kingdom of the Amazons was situated on the shores of the Black Sea at the time when the Greeks colonized it, or on the Caucasian slopes, or in Thrace or Scythia. Heracles to the number of his labors, undertook to seize the belt of their queen, Hippolytus. During this expedition, Theseus, who had accompanied Heracles, carried off an Amazon, Antiope. To take revenge, the Amazons invaded Attica and marched on Athens, but they were finally repulsed. They also reportedly took part in the Trojan War.
From this ancient Diana was born the contemporary Diana, Wonder Woman, in 1941 by the hand of William Moulton Marston, psychologist, scientist, American writer and screenwriter of films. He decided to turn her into a superhero, considering that it was time to change the place of women in society by presenting an economically and sexually independent character. The woman has a very important role that William Moulton Marston imperatively wants to put forward. Indeed, among his social experiences, this scientist demonstrates that women, in addition to all their quality, are much more reliable and honest than men, and thus much more efficient and concentrated in their work. To do this, he uses the comic-book, format, according to him, perfect, to pass educational messages to the younger generations. Young generations who forget at the time the first titles of the media like the Batman of Bill Finger and Bob Kane or Superman, which has been on the market for two years.
Supported by Max Gaines, pioneer of comic-book, William Moulton Marston has the idea to introduce a heroine in a media where the figures are always masculine and advocate violence by settling their various conflicts with strokes -pifs well placed.
He then presents a character named Suprema the Wonder Woman whose name will evolve quickly to become simply Wonder Woman. William Moulton Marston then draws on his past and his social ideals to forge the identity of his character, which in particular represents the feminist ideal. He will thus draw from the Greco-Roman mythology and the myth of the Amazons, the people of warrior women. He decides that his heroine will be part of this people and even pushes the emancipation of his character towards the men until the end by explaining that the mother of Diana, Hyppolite, created her with clay. She therefore has no father and does not depend on any male figure. Moreover, it is inspired by these previous works for the arsenal of the warrior and especially its lasso. Indeed, if it is first presented as a weapon to take control of its enemies, it will quickly change its usefulness by becoming the lasso of the truth - it must of course see there a wink Direct to the detector of lies, which he helped to create at the beginning of his career.
But of course, his two main inspirations remain the two women of his life, Elizabeth Holloway Marston and Olivia Byrne. Elizabeth thus represents the strength of character and independence of the character while Olivia served as a basis for the character's design. It was in 1941 that Marston published the first story of his heroine, under the pseudonym Charles Moulton, in All Star Comics # 8 designed by HG Peter, who would not leave Wonder Woman until 1958. From the moment he was introduced, Success and the Amazon will become the first hero to get a comic book in her name, after only six months. She is also a member of The League of Justiciens of America.
Besides comics, she is also known for the television adaptation of her adventures, with Lynda Carter aired in the United States from 1975 to 1979.
In this film, Diana - Wonder Woman naively appears as the judge of the First World War where the enemy is symbolically represented by Ares, god of war. Against the backdrop of various historical problems, she leads a drum-beating what she sees as her destiny, fighting evil with her magic, powerful powers and her lasso. In the presence of allies, she confronts this divinity and tries, through the love she will discover in human beings, to fight her.
Wars, the First World War and the Second World War were subjects exploited either on a background of science fiction, such as Wonder Woman, or as a war film and historical film that had been released for two years. Indeed, the scale of the horror of the 39-45 war for example gave films such as Robert Zemeckis' Allies (2016), Mick Jackson's The Trial of the Century (2017), Cedric Jiménez's HHhH (2017),  last, Dunkerque by Christopher Nolan (2017), and soon, Nos Patriotes by Gabriel Bomin (2017), each film addressing different problems of this Second World War.
 
Corinne LUCY
  • "Bom Boys", Jane Alexander, South Africa

    Jane Alexander presents in her work Bom Boys four small hybrid characters, like the statuettes of the Butcher Boys. This crossing of two species, here human and animal, brings us back to ancient Egyptian mythology.
    In Bom Boys, one of them has, in place of his head, a long beak such as an ibis, a long-necked wader bird with a curved beak, such as Thot, the lunar god of Khemenou, Thot Is a major deity of the Egyptian pantheon. He captures the light of the moon, whose cycles he governs, so much so that he was nicknamed "the lord of the times."
    By inspiration of the mythological character of Egyptian antiquity, Jane Alexander suggests a crossing two species such as a fantastic fantasy and religious. But it could clearly symbolize the contradiction of cultures, concepts that could also evoke a certain idea of postmodernism.


  • Thot, God of the Moon, Mythology of Ancient Egypt

    He was represented in two ways: a man with an ibis head or a baboon. With great intelligence, he was considered the god of science, of writing, of art and of wisdom.
    It was he who, in order to communicate, invented hieroglyphics and language. A depositary of great knowledge, his disciples are enough.
    The great god Re, growing old and tired of human quarrels, decided to go to heavenly heights in order to rest. Thus, it illuminated the Earth day and night traveled in the world from below. So the earth remained without light half the time, so Re spoke to the god Thot: "You will be in my place, my substitute. You will be called Thot, the one in Re's place. Thou shalt surround the two heavens with thy beauty and thy brightness. " Thus was born the Moon that marked the night of its brightness.
    The Egyptians therefore identified the god Thot as the inventor of the calendar. But the ingenious Thot won in the game with the Moon and five more days were added after the twelve sets of the year. Thus, Nut could give birth to his children: Osiris, Seth, Nephtys and Isis (the fourth of the "epagomen days"). Thot is also the one who reconstructed the "oudjat eye" during the fight between the god Horus and his uncle Seth. He snatched Horus's eye and tore it into six pieces. He is also the one who presides over the weighing of the heart, during the judgment of the deceased, thus fixing their destiny and guaranteeing fairness to the court. Identified with the moon, it is the one that governs the cycles. God of science, of writing, of art and of wisdom.

1 - Direction South Africa- Jane Alexander "Infantry with Beast"

Opposite: Infantry with Beast (2003: 2008 - 2010), Jane Alexander, currently on display at the Louis Vuitton Foundation, until September 4, 2017.
 
Jane Alexander born in 1959, is a visual artist. She is South African, of German origin. She lives and works in Johannesburg. She is a major figure in contemporary South African art.
Infantry with Beast, consists of a troop of twenty-seven dog-headed, naked men, probably marching like an armed one in a defile. In front of them, on the lookout, an animal observes them.
These hybrid figures refer to the lycaon pictus, commonly called "African wild dog". This cruel animal was the subject of systematic eradication campaigns before entering the list of endangered species in 1990. It symbolizes an ambiguous status, both hunter and hunted, predator and prey, informs the Newspaper of the "Louis Vuitton Foundation".
These individuals inspire trouble, stir, intrigue and reflection. What do you think of these statuettes in rank as soldiers? The gaze turned towards the same point. Political agitation, roughness of spirit, strict obedience with only distinction the black and white tones of the skin which differs according to these hybrids. A striking work, it is singular in its category because it is particularly astonishing.
Jane Alexander is a teacher at and has a close relationship with young generations of artists. His work, begun in the 1980s, a period of social unrest and repression, is remarkable for its freedom of tone, its refusal of any univocal interpretation. Through sculptures, installations or photomontages, she develops a universe that puts tension in violent realism and unresolved mystery.
 
Source: Louis Vuitton Foundation, Le Journal, No. 5, "Art / Africa, 2017

Contemporary Africain art - Louis Vuitton Foundation

Contemporary African art is a new field, yet to be discovered, in the midst of change, says Bernard Arnault, President of the Louis Vuitton Foundation.
There is no doubt that it is an artistic world to look at, to understand, to contemplate, to grasp where messages as well artistic as societal and political are to be detected. Is it really a "current fashionable" as a small circle of amateurs and Parisians can pretend? The reflection may be a little reductive. African art, whether contemporary, modern, or belonging to previous centuries, has always existed because it is intrinsically linked to man. It is certainly highlighted by the Louis Vuitton Foundation. This art of Africa is thus also and very closely linked to the exhibition Picasso Primitif at the Museum of Quai Branly-Jacques Chirac.
Picasso was inspired and even "hypnotized" by a statue "Assisi Statue" of the Vili culture of the Congo purchased by Matisse from a merchant of exotic works. After spending his evening watching this statuette, Picasso will reproduce "Nude standing, profile" to the gouache. At the time in Paris to observe what is called the "Negro Art", one must go to the Museum of Ethnography of Trocadero. These contemporary African, equatorial, southern, western and northern African arts are arts to be promoted, such as the art of America, Oceania, and Asia Are, in the same way, to be discovered. A world tour of contemporary world paintings will be the subject of my tickets between film reviews and books.
 
Corinne LUCY

Musical intermission - "Mad World"- Jules Gary

Sung by Gary Jules, cover of Mad World by Tear for Fears, from their third album, The Hurting, 1983, soft
For the soundtrack of Donnie Darko, Richard Kelly's American film with Jake Gyllenhaal, 2001 Luc Arbogast & Thomas Vaccari (The Voice, season 02)
Recently resumed by Jasmine Thompson

Movie: "Get Out" - New modern slavery through biotechnology

Opposite: Get Out, director: Jordan Peel. With Daniel Kaluuya, Allison Williams, Catherine Keener, Bradley Whitford, 2017
 
 
A well-to-do family in the north of the United States recruited men and women from the African-American community to use them as slaves, servants, gardeners, homo-facto, and sex slaves with their apparent and disturbing consent.
Beyond manipulation, Get Out deals with racial issues, new modern slavery built on mental experience, hypnosis, and experiments in neurological surgery. The director spoke openly about racial issues as such, the abuse of the blacks and the problems of bioethics.
For example, when Rose wishes to introduce Chris, his new black friend to his parents, a doctor and psychiatrist living in Alabama, is an important and disturbing event for Chris. Warmly welcomed into the family of his friend, Chris discovers gradually as strange and suspicious behavior both on the attitude of the family and that of the servile entourage, victim of neurologically.
Lucid and cautious about the behavior of the family and their friends who, in a garden party, deliberately evoke the physical assets of certain African-Americans, his fears will turn out: blacks are victims of mental manipulation, considered objects And auctioned as in the time of slavery.
This film recalls that this slavery and the racial problems related to it is not buried and still less finished. In a post-Obama political era, director Jordan Peel revives the skin-related injuries. In a tense atmosphere, under cover of thriller and horror, the director nonetheless staged a few comic schemes - recalling his journey as a comedy director - as a slight aside, as a distancing on what is ruthlessly plotting And inhuman, in this isolated place.
Thus, this film with a political, social and racial vocation, the director also treats through him the question of bioethics. Indeed, this black population, in addition to being ridiculed and abused, serves as guinea pigs for surgical experiments. Under the influence of hypnosis, on the one hand, it is also a victim of brain exchange, on the other hand; Some scenes offering sensitive and terrifying plans. Bioethics is the examination of questions which, in terms of morality, are posed to man by the present developments in the science of life and medicine.
As in the film A Cure for Life, where medicine used the bodies of old men to extract the elixir from youth and as in the Hitlerian years when Jews were used as frightful guinea pigs (Ticket of 15 May 2017 on the painter David Olère "the gassing" - the horror of the Nazi camps), Get out raises the whole problematic of morality.
Against the emergence of an amororal, immoral thought that could be derived from science and biotechnological contributions, the ethics of man over man is a serious field of application that rejects any idea of manipulation of the living being as creation Of genetically modified organisms or cloning.
This questioning is not new. Hippocrates (460-377 BC) was the first to establish a code that controlled the activity of physicians: it set out principles of respect and rights of the patient, recognized as a human being. Doctors in the West always take an ethical commitment under the name of "Hippocratic Oath". Faced with the advances and upheavals of medical research, the National Consultative Ethics Committee (CCNE) for life and health sciences was created in France in 1983. It is made up of researchers, doctors, personalities belonging to To various philosophical and spiritual currents. Its mission is strictly consultative and consists in "giving opinions on ethical problems and issues of society". Their last publication to date date June 7, 2017 n ° 125 and refers to the issue of biodiversity and health.
 
Source on Bioethics: Culture from A to Z, Hâtier
Source: CCNE-ethique.fr/publications