Opposite: Vase (detail), Diane, Museum of fine Arts, Massachussetts, Boston
Wonder Woman, director: Patty Jenkins
- with Gal Gadot, Chris Pine, Robin Wright, Connie Nielsen, 2017
Wonder Woman is Diana the huntress, goddess of the light of day; Of Greco-Roman mythology in contemporary events: BD /
Before she became Wonder Woman, she was still Diana, princess of the Amazons and invincible fighter. This fourth film of DC Comic's film universe features the character of Wonder Woman, created
and published in 1941 by screenwriter William Mourlton Marston who decided to give a prominent place to a woman in the comic book whose main characters were mainly camped by male heroes.
The film Wonder Woman allows one to review the roles of the deities of Greco-Roman mythology, to return on the other hand, to the origin of its creation, and finally to revisit on a romantic background the horror of the First world war,
incarnated by the god Ares.
Indeed, Diana lives and works at the Louvre Museum in Paris. She received from Bruce Wayne a photograph showing her alongside Steve Trevor and
her friends at the front during the First World War. She then recalls her youth on the island of Themiscyra, among the Amazons until the day when an American pilot crashes on the paradise island when he tells him that a terrible war is raging at the other
end The planet, Diana leaves her haven of peace, convinced that she must stop the threat. She then leaves the island where she lives, safe from the crash of the world, to confront Ares, god of war. By joining men in a fight to end the war, Diana will discover
the fullt extent of her powers ... and her true destiny.
The director, Patty Jenkins, recounts Greco-Roman mythology explaining the role of each of these
gods and goddesses such as Zeus, Ares, Antiope, Hippolyte, Diana, and their strange powers, the myth of the Amazons, Island of Themiscyra. Their peculiarities, the stakes, the power struggles and the relations between them are explained on a background of
paintings painted in subdued, captivating way.
A twin sister of Apollo, god of music and sunshine after the legend of Artemis, Diana, daughter of
Latona (Leo) and Jupiter, came into the world a few moments before her brother. His field is mainly hunting. Its attributes are the golden bow and its animals are part of the middle of the hunt. Witnessing maternal pain, Diana conceived such an aversion to
marriage that she asked for and obtained from her father the grace of keeping a perpetual virginity like Minerva and Vesta. It is for this reason that these three goddesses received from the oracle of Apollo the name of White Virgins.
Jupiter armed himself with a bow and arrows, and made her queen of the hunt. He gave her sixty nymphs. With this numerous procession, she engaged in hunting, her occupation.
All her nymphs were large and beautiful, but the goddess surpassed them all in size and beauty. She also wore a crescent moon on her head and was often represented in the company of a doe. When Apollo (the Sun) disappears on the horizon, Diana (the Moon) shines
in the Heavens and discreetly sheds her light into the mysterious depths of the Night.
And the Amazons?
They governed themselves alone, passing in all things men whom they admitted only to servile and degrading labor. From their union with strangers, they kept only the female children; And they burned
the right breast of their daughters to facilitate the exercise of the bow. That is why their name means in Greek "those who have no breast". The kingdom of the Amazons was situated on the shores of the Black Sea at the time when the Greeks colonized it, or
on the Caucasian slopes, or in Thrace or Scythia. Heracles to the number of his labors, undertook to seize the belt of their queen, Hippolytus. During this expedition, Theseus, who had accompanied Heracles, carried off an Amazon, Antiope. To take revenge,
the Amazons invaded Attica and marched on Athens, but they were finally repulsed. They also reportedly took part in the Trojan War.
From this ancient Diana was born the contemporary
Diana, Wonder Woman, in 1941 by the hand of William Moulton Marston, psychologist, scientist, American writer and screenwriter of films. He decided to turn her into a superhero, considering that it was time to change the place of women in society
by presenting an economically and sexually independent character. The woman has a very important role that William Moulton Marston imperatively wants to put forward. Indeed, among his social experiences, this scientist demonstrates that women, in addition
to all their quality, are much more reliable and honest than men, and thus much more efficient and concentrated in their work. To do this, he uses the comic-book, format, according to him, perfect, to pass educational messages to the younger generations. Young
generations who forget at the time the first titles of the media like the Batman of Bill Finger and Bob Kane or Superman, which has been on the market for two years.
Max Gaines, pioneer of comic-book, William Moulton Marston has the idea to introduce a heroine in a media where the figures are always masculine and advocate violence by settling their various conflicts with strokes -pifs well placed.
He then presents a character named Suprema the Wonder Woman whose name will evolve quickly to become simply Wonder Woman. William Moulton Marston then draws on his past and his social
ideals to forge the identity of his character, which in particular represents the feminist ideal. He will thus draw from the Greco-Roman mythology and the myth of the Amazons, the people of warrior women. He decides that his heroine will be part of this people
and even pushes the emancipation of his character towards the men until the end by explaining that the mother of Diana, Hyppolite, created her with clay. She therefore has no father and does not depend on any male figure. Moreover, it is inspired by these
previous works for the arsenal of the warrior and especially its lasso. Indeed, if it is first presented as a weapon to take control of its enemies, it will quickly change its usefulness by becoming the lasso of the truth - it must of course see there a wink
Direct to the detector of lies, which he helped to create at the beginning of his career.
But of course, his two main inspirations remain the two women of his life, Elizabeth Holloway Marston
and Olivia Byrne. Elizabeth thus represents the strength of character and independence of the character while Olivia served as a basis for the character's design. It was in 1941 that Marston published the first story of his heroine, under the pseudonym Charles
Moulton, in All Star Comics # 8 designed by HG Peter, who would not leave Wonder Woman until 1958. From the moment he was introduced, Success and the Amazon will become the first hero to get a comic book in her name, after only six months. She is also a member
of The League of Justiciens of America.
Besides comics, she is also known for the television adaptation of her adventures, with Lynda Carter aired in the United States from 1975 to 1979.
In this film, Diana - Wonder Woman naively appears as the judge of the First World War where the enemy is symbolically represented by Ares, god of war. Against the backdrop of various historical problems,
she leads a drum-beating what she sees as her destiny, fighting evil with her magic, powerful powers and her lasso. In the presence of allies, she confronts this divinity and tries, through the love she will discover in human beings, to fight her.
Wars, the First World War and the Second World War were subjects exploited either on a background of science fiction, such as Wonder Woman, or as a war film and historical film that
had been released for two years. Indeed, the scale of the horror of the 39-45 war for example gave films such as Robert Zemeckis' Allies (2016), Mick Jackson's The Trial of the Century (2017), Cedric Jiménez's HHhH (2017),
last, Dunkerque by Christopher Nolan (2017), and soon, Nos Patriotes by Gabriel Bomin (2017), each film addressing different problems of this Second World War.